Queen Liliuokalani was the last reigning monarch of the Hawaiian islands. She was deposed by opposition forces who called themselves the Committee of Safety, with the help of the U.S. Marines. On January 17, 1893, Queen lileo kulani yielded her authority:
. . . Now to avoid any collision of armed forces, and perhaps the loss of life, I do this under protest and impelled by said force yield my authority until such time as the Government of the United States shall, upon facts being presented to it, undo the action of its representatives and reinstate me in the authority which I claim as the Constitutional Sovereign of the Hawaiian Islands.
Tonight, we discuss Hawaiian Sovereignty with Portland Author Elinor Langer, and Dr. Kekuni Blazedell, convenor of the Pro-Hawaiian Sovereignty Working Group.
Nation Within: The Story of America's Annexation of the Nation of Hawaii - Tom Coffman
Music by the original Hawaiian rapstas - Sudden Rush